The new breathable nail polishes are developed from an absorption technology called O2 matrix technology, which you probably know from:
- Sweat-absorbing sportswear and shoes that release the steam of sweat and allow air particles to penetrate.
- Hydrogel contact lenses that allow free passage to tears.
- Medical products such as tape and plastics that allow the skin to breathe.
- Porous tiles and asphalt that absorbs rainwater and radically sends it into the soil.
- Insulation materials and paintings for rooftops and exterior walls resistant to sludge, snow and cold, while the moisture inside the building can sip out.
How can water penetrate nail polish?
Unlike ordinary nail varnishes, breathable O2M nail polish consists of a coating with microscopic holes. We speak gaps in nanometer sizes found in the paint’s outer and inner plastic layers.
The outer layer of the nail lacquer is also called as permeable membrane, whereas the inner layers of the lacquer structure are known under the professional term porosity. These are the tiny holes in the outer layer (permeable membrane) as well as the passages in the paint’s inner structure (porous cast) that permits penetration of air and water particles.
The magic lies in the nail polish recipe and especially the molecular bond (polymer) that creates the openings. Thermoplastic polymer is a polymer used frequently in breathable nail polishes. It is composed of tiny particles; Some of these particles’ bind with obstruction, whereas other particles bump away from the obstacle. The distance that occurs between the rejections creates a kind of microscopic passage (also called amorphous regions in the language of the profession). These are the amorphous regions that allow the water particles to wander through the lacquer and land on the nail belt.